MONDAY, Aug. 2, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — U.S. well being officers have some reassuring information in regards to the security of the COVID-19 vaccine in younger individuals: Amongst tens of millions of U.S. teenagers who’ve acquired Pfizer’s photographs, severe unwanted effects have been uncommon.
As of July 16, near 9 million teenagers, aged 12 to 17, had acquired the Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine — the one one okayed for that age group. Amongst roughly 9,240 reported unwanted effects, 91% have been minor, equivalent to soreness close to the vaccination web site.
“Native and systemic reactions are widespread amongst adolescents following Pfizer-BioNTech vaccine, particularly after the second dose; nevertheless, severe hostile occasions after COVID-19 vaccination are uncommon,” mentioned the report’s lead creator, Anne Hause, a CDC epidemiologist.
Myocarditis was among the many most typical extreme hostile occasions reported, she mentioned. That is an irritation of the heart muscle that may have an effect on the center’s electrical system, decreasing its pumping capability and inflicting fast or irregular rhythms.
Myocarditis is normally attributable to a viral infection, equivalent to COVID-19, however will also be a response to a drug. Indicators and signs embody chest pain, fatigue, shortness of breath and arrhythmias (irregular coronary heart rhythm).
Whereas this affiliation might sound alarming, CDC specialists proceed to emphasize the advantages of vaccination for all individuals aged 12 and older. The vaccine has not but been authorised for youthful children.
Getting vaccinated is healthier than getting COVID-19, Hause mentioned.
“The advantages of vaccination in stopping COVID-19 and its issues proceed to outweigh the potential dangers of uncommon hostile occasions reported after vaccination,” she mentioned.
Final week, a examine revealed within the preprint server medRxiv discovered that teenagers have been at considerably larger threat of creating coronary heart irritation after getting COVID-19 itself than from the vaccine. Researchers checked out coronary heart irritation charges in about 14,000 teenagers identified with COVID-19 and in the same variety of vaccinated teenagers who reported unwanted effects. They discovered that the danger of coronary heart irritation was 21 occasions greater amongst women with COVID and about six occasions greater amongst boys with COVID in contrast with the vaccination group.
“Vaccinating 12- to 17-year-olds stays the safer selection for this age group and can scale back college interruptions and transmission to others,” mentioned Mendel Singer, vice chair for schooling at Case Western Reserve College Faculty of Drugs in Cleveland and co-author of the medRxiv examine.
Dr. Paul Offit, director of the Vaccine Training Middle on the Youngsters’s Hospital of Philadelphia, agreed that unwanted effects from the vaccine are preferable to the devastating results of COVID-19.
“You have to put it in perspective. Initially, it seems roughly just one in 20,000 recipients who’re within the highest threat group will develop myocarditis after two photographs,” he mentioned.
“Myocarditis by no means sounds good. You possibly can say delicate myocarditis all you need, nevertheless it’s additionally going to scare individuals, as a result of the irritation of the center muscle is all the time going to be seen as worrisome. However it does look like self-limiting, short-lived, not deadly and never related to coronary artery abnormalities,” Offit mentioned.
A current examine amongst 1,600 faculty athletes who had COVID-19 discovered that roughly one in 43 had myocarditis, he mentioned. “So you might have mainly one in 20,000 phenomena at its peak for the vaccine and a one in 43 phenomena with the illness.”
If signs of myocarditis develop, mother and father ought to take their little one to the physician, they usually could also be referred to the hospital for remark, Offit mentioned.
To folks who’re involved about having their little one vaccinated, Offit mentioned, “Simply know that the illness is widespread, that this (Delta) variant particularly is extremely contagious.”
He added that some imagine that over the subsequent few years, you will have two selections — to be vaccinated or to be naturally contaminated. “Vaccination is the safer selection, as a result of pure an infection additionally causes myocarditis at a a lot greater fee,” he mentioned.
The illness is worse than the vaccine, Offit harassed. “That is all the time true,” he mentioned.
The report was revealed July 30 within the CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
For extra on COVID-19 vaccine unwanted effects, head to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
SOURCES: Anne Hause, PhD, epidemiologist, U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention; Mendel Singer, PhD, vice chair for schooling, Case Western Reserve College Faculty of Drugs, Cleveland; Paul Offit, MD, director, Vaccine Training Middle, Youngsters’s Hospital of Philadelphia; Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, July 30, 2021