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Tuesday, July 27, 2021

Former president Karzai says US failed in Afghanistan

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Afghanistan’s former president has mentioned america has failed in its two-decade mission of bringing stability to “combat extremism” and convey stability to his war-tortured nation.

In an interview with The Related Press on Sunday simply weeks earlier than the final US and NATO troops go away Afghanistan after almost 20 years, Hamid Karzai mentioned departing troops are forsaking a catastrophe.

“The worldwide group got here right here 20 years in the past with this clear goal of preventing extremism and bringing stability … however extremism is on the highest level right now. So they’ve failed,” he mentioned.

He mentioned their legacy is a war-ravaged nation in “whole shame and catastrophe”.

“We recognise as Afghans all our failures, however what in regards to the larger forces and powers who got here right here for precisely that goal? The place are they leaving us now?” he requested and answered: “In whole shame and catastrophe.”

Nonetheless, Karzai, who had a conflicted relationship with the US throughout his 13-year rule, needed the troops to go away, saying Afghans have been united behind an awesome want for peace and wanted now to take accountability for his or her future.

“We will probably be higher off with out their army presence,” he mentioned.

“I feel we should always defend our personal nation and take care of our personal lives. … Their presence (has given us) what we’ve got now. … We don’t need to proceed with this distress and indignity that we face. It’s higher for Afghanistan that they go away.”

Karzai’s rule

Karzai’s rule adopted the overthrow of the Taliban in 2001 by a US-led coalition that launched its invasion to search out and destroy the al-Qaeda community and its chief, Osama bin Laden, blamed for the 9/11 assaults on the US.

Throughout Karzai’s rule, girls gained extra rights, women once more attended college, a vibrant, younger civil society emerged, new high-rises went up within the capital Kabul and roads and infrastructure have been constructed.

However his rule was additionally characterised by allegations of widespread corruption, flourishing drug commerce and within the closing years relentless quarrels with Washington that proceed even till right now.

In April, when US President Joe Biden introduced the ultimate withdrawal of the remaining 2,500-3,500 troops, he mentioned the US was leaving having achieved its objectives. al-Qaeda had been drastically diminished and bin Laden was useless.

The US now not wanted boots on the bottom to combat the safety threats which may emanate from Afghanistan, he mentioned.

Nonetheless, the US’s makes an attempt to convey a couple of political finish to the many years of warfare have been elusive.

It signed a cope with the Taliban in February 2020 to withdraw its troops in alternate for a Taliban promise to denounce armed teams resembling al-Qaeda and hold Afghanistan from once more being a staging enviornment for assaults on the US.

There may be little proof the Taliban are fulfilling their a part of the discount. The United Nations claims the Taliban and al-Qaeda are nonetheless linked.

The architect of the US deal and present US peace envoy Zalmay Khalilzad says some progress has been made however with out providing any particulars.

Karzai has had harsh phrases and uncompromising criticism of US warfare techniques over the previous twenty years in Afghanistan.

But he has grow to be a linchpin of kinds in a joint effort being launched by the US and the UK to get a quarrelsome Afghan management in Kabul united sufficient to speak peace with the Taliban.

The armed group has proven little curiosity in negotiating and as a substitute has stepped up its assaults on authorities positions.

On Friday, US President Joe Biden will meet on the White Home with Afghan President Ashraf Ghani and chairman of Afghanistan’s Excessive Council for Nationwide Reconciliation Abdullah Abdullah to debate US troop withdrawal amid a surge in preventing between Afghan forces and the Taliban throughout the nation.

Of their first face-to-face meeting, Biden will search to reassure Ghani and Abdullah of US help for the Afghan folks together with diplomatic, financial and humanitarian help, the White Home mentioned in a press release.

The Taliban have made appreciable territorial features because the Could 1 begin of the US and NATO withdrawal. They’ve overrun dozens of districts, usually negotiating their give up from Afghan nationwide safety forces.

However in lots of cases the preventing has been intense. Simply final week a brutal assault by the Taliban in northern Faryab province killed 22 of Afghanistan’s elite commandos, led by a neighborhood hero Colonel Sohrab Azimi, who was additionally killed and extensively mourned.

“The need of the Afghan folks, overwhelmingly, all around the nation is for peace,” mentioned Karzai, who regardless of being out of energy since 2014 has misplaced little of his political affect and is most frequently on the centre of the nation’s political machinations.

Diplomats, Western officers, generals, tribal elders and politicians on all ends of Afghanistan’s political spectrum commonly beat a path to Karzai’s door within the coronary heart of the Afghan capital.

As the ultimate US army withdrawal is already greater than 50 p.c full, the necessity for a political settlement or perhaps a seen path to an eventual settlement appears to be taking up larger urgency at the same time as Afghans by the hundreds are looking for an exit.

They are saying they’re annoyed by relentless corruption, marauding prison gangs – some linked to the highly effective warlords in Kabul – and worsening insecurity. Few see a future that isn’t violent.

Whereas accusing each Pakistan, the place the Taliban management is predicated, and the US of stoking the preventing, Karzai mentioned it’s as much as Afghans to finish many years of warfare.

To Pakistan’s army and civilian management, Karzai mentioned Afghanistan needs “a civilised relationship … if Pakistan adopts an angle away from using extremism towards Afghanistan, this relationship can develop into a stupendous relationship, into a really fruitful relationship for either side”.

To the warring sides in Afghanistan, Karzai mentioned: “I’m very emphatic and clear about this, either side ought to consider the lives of the Afghan folks and the property … preventing is destruction.

“The one reply is Afghans getting collectively … We should recognise that that is our nation and we should cease killing one another.”

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